6.1 Challenges in the labour market
i. The changing job landscape i.e. job being replaced by digitisation such as travel agents, tellers, surveyors, journalist, legal assistant and finance assistant.
ii. Machine is widely used in the future. Self-check-in and self-checkout machine will be widely used in the market around the world.
iii. Insecure job-In Malaysia 2 out of 5 Malaysians fear of losing job.
iv. About 35% of the revolution industry will eventually generate a new high-skilled job higher than 28% of replacement of human workers.
v. New jobs are created such as Blogger, Sustainability Manager, Drone Operator, Apps Developer, Social Media Strategist and Data Scientist.
6.2 Challenges in the Agriculture Sector
i. No quarantine complex is build yet to facilitate exports of agriculture products to China.
ii. Infrequent and high costs of shipping freight in Sabah.
iii. Low scale due to lack of large fruit farm in Sabah.
iv. Unorganized smallholders and planting systems did not hit the China market requirements.
v. Youth nowadays has limited access to agriculture related knowledge, education and information, for example it is difficult to start agricultural activities without the knowledge of pre-harvest and post-harvest in agriculture.
vi. The youth often faced limited access to land and green jobs, financial constraints, limited access to market and limited involvement in policy dialogue, especially in agriculture.
vii. General lack of interest among the locals in Sabah, especially the younger generation. In other words, younger generation in Sabah would rather choose different industries (i.e. business, medical etc), compared to agriculture industry.
viii. Based on the statistic shown by the presenter, farming also is the least favourite job to choose by the youth globally (in the example given – Ethiopia), which represent about 9.4%. Even the top 10 job industries in Malaysia, based on Jobstreet.com findings, agriculture is not even in the list.
ix. Agriculture sector is the biggest contributor on job creation to Sabah’s economy (based on statistic by Sabah Development Corridor (SDC), yet locals are not interested to fill these jobs.
x. There are also challenges to use information and communication technology (ICT) in the food chain, which are:
- Isolated software development;
- Complicated handling large amount of data;
- Trigger societal changes;
- Issue on connectivity, capacity and cost; and
- Ability to use ICT at individual, organizational and institutional level.
6.3 Challenges in the Soft Skill Aspects among Youths
i. English proficiency. This issue is still a major factor that hinders our fresh graduate from getting the right job.
ii. Too choosy. From employers’ point of view, this issue always expressed by them as a reason for our fresh graduate failed to be employ.
iii. Lack of communication skills. This is one the reason that might cause our fresh graduate to be unemployed. Employers are very particular in some of the soft skills especially the communication skills, as this set of skills can bridge gaps and improve any negative situation if it is handled well. However, our graduates are not polished with this type of skill.
iv. Poor character, attitude or personality. Having a very good academic qualification does not guarantee you to be employed. It has to come with a good character, attitude or personality.
6.4 Challenges faced by the rural tourism industry in Sabah
i. Financial constraint to start up the business: This issue is a common problem found in any kind of business. Solution to the problem is to do start-up the business in small scale as long as they have patience and commitment in their business.
ii. Difficulty in creating a viable business plan i.e. majority of entrepreneurs failed to come up with the good business plan that hinders them to succeed in the business.
iii. Lack of basic infrastructure: Basic infrastructure includes road access, internet signal, public facilities and, etc. This problem could contribute to some difficulties for visitors to reach a tourist destination. In addition, due to the poor internet excess especially in rural area, for example in Kiulu, this could indirectly give impact to their marketing strategy as information or promotion could not be done through online. The access of the location and basic information also limited.
iv. Lack of Innovation: The need to have an innovative product could increase the number of tourist visiting the location. However, the current scenario of our rural tourism entrepreneurs, everybody seems to offer same product and services. From one point to another, there is no difference and this might not attract the tourist more. Therefore, an intervention from the ministry is needed to help these local people to think more creative and innovative. For example, training in communication skills, safety knowledge and etc.
v. Imbalance tourism development and environmental: Improper plan to sustain the environmental in line with the rapid development of tourism sector will have huge impacts in future. It is important to practice environmentally friendly rural tourism.
6.5 The challenges faced by the disabled people in Sabah
i. The disabled persons faced difficulty in getting a proper education at higher institution due to some reason such as financial constraint, lacking of skilled trainers and lack of advance technological equipment to assist those needed.
ii. A negative vibe from the employer makes it’s more difficult for the disabled person to be recruited because of the trust issue from the employer. The speaker shared her experienced as a disabled person in getting a job after graduated from university.